Douglas A-20G Havoc

Pima Air and Space Museum Aircraft

Manufacturer
Douglas
Markings
312th Bomb Group, 387th Bomb Squadron, Hollandia, Papua New Guinea, 1943
Designation
A-20G
Serial Number
43-21627

Douglas A-20G Havoc

Initial design work for the A-20 began in 1936 as a private venture of the Douglas Company to design a light attack and reconnaissance aircraft. Work was delayed by a series of major design changes that increased the size of the aircraft, gave it larger engines and focused the design as a bomber. First flown in October 1938, the aircraft attracted the interest of the French Air Force and the first orders actually came from France rather than the U.S. Army. France and Belgium briefly used the aircraft before those countries fell to the Germans. Many of the aircraft were diverted to Britain where they were operated under the names Boston and Havoc. The U.S. Army adopted the British name Havoc when they began receiving their A-20s after 1939. The A-20G was the most produced version of the Havoc and was optimized for low altitude attacks using a battery of six nose mounted machine guns and parachute equipped bombs called “parafrags.”

Specifications
Wingspan 61 ft 4 in
Length 48 ft
Height 17 ft 7 in
Weight 24,127 lbs (loaded)
Max. Speed 317 mph
Service Ceiling 23,700 ft
Range 2,100 miles
Engines 2 Wright R-2600-23 radials with 1,620 horsepower
Crew 2