Hawker MK.II Hurricane

Pima Air and Space Museum Aircraft

Royal Air Force, 257 Squadron, 1940

Hawker MK.II Hurricane

The Hawker Hurricane was the first modern monoplane fighter flown by the Royal Air Force. Design work began as early as 1932, but the prototype did not take to the air until November 1935. In addition to being the first British fighter to have both a single wing and retractable landing gear the Hurricane also introduced much heavier firepower with a total of eight machine guns mounted in its wings. After initial testing the RAF placed a huge order for 600 Hurricanes. It was this model, the Hurricane Mk. I, that bore the brunt of the Battle of Britain during the summer of 1940. Late in 1940 the Hurricane Mk. II appeared in RAF service. This version of the fighter was slightly larger and had a more powerful version of the Merlin engine. The Mk. II became the most produced version of the Hurricane with 8,000 built in England and Canada.

Service History

This aircraft was manufactured from parts of several airframes. The majority of the parts came from a Canadian aircraft built at Fort William, Ontario in 1942. That plane crashed in Lake St. Johns, Quebec on March 27, 1944. Parts of at least five Hurricanes went into the construction of this and one other restored aircraft. The aircraft was loaned to the Cavanaugh Flight Museum in Addison, Texas for several years before being sold. In early 2006 the Military Aircraft Restoration Corporation loaned it to the Pima Air and Space Museum. Pima then purchased the aircraft in 2015.

Wingspan 40 ft
Length 32 ft
Height 13 ft 1in
Weight 8,050 lbs (loaded)
Max. Speed 342 mph
Service Ceiling 36,300 ft
Range 470 miles
Engines 1 Rolls-Royce Merlin XX 12 cylinder 1,280 hp
Crew 1