McDonnell FH-1 Phantom

Pima Air and Space Museum Aircraft

Manufacturer
McDonnell
Markings
VMF-122
Designation
FH-1
Registration
N4283A
Serial Number
111768

McDonnell FH-1 Phantom

The McDonnell FH-1 Phantom was the United States Navy and Marine Corps first all jet fighter. In 1943 the Navy requested McDonnell Aircraft Company to design a carrier based jet fighter. The design and construction of the prototype took two years as the engineers worked through various performance requirements needed for carrier operations such as short take off ability and quick acceleration and deceleration. On July 21, 1946 the second prototype took off and landed several times aboard the USS Franklin D. Roosevelt. This made the Phantom the first all jet aircraft to conduct carrier operations for the US Navy. A total of 60 production Phantoms were made. Production aircraft were armed with four .50 caliber machine guns in the nose and eight 5 inch rockets under the wings. In 1947 Navy Fighter Squadron VF-17A and Marine Fighter Squadron VMF-122 received Phantoms, making them the first Navy and Marine squadrons to operate jet aircraft. Due to the rapid evolution of jet engines and aircraft design, Phantoms were retired from active service in 1949 and from the reserves in 1954 being replaced by the McDonnell F2H Banshee and the Grumman F9F Panther.

Specifications
Wingspan 40 ft 9 in
Length 38 ft 9 in
Height 14 ft 2 in
Weight 10,035 pounds (loaded)
Max. Speed 479 miles per hour
Service Ceiling 41,100 feet
Range 980 miles
Engines 2 Westinghouse J-30-WE-20 turbojets with 1,600 pounds of thrust each
Crew 1