Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23MLD Flogger-K

Pima Air and Space Museum Aircraft

655th IAP, Soviet Air Force, Parnu Airport, Estonia, 1991
Serial Number

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23MLD Flogger-K

The MiG-23 was the Soviet Union’s answer to American fighters such as the McDonnell-Douglas F-4 Phantom II. Development of an aircraft to replace the MiG-21 began in the mid-1960s. The Soviet’s eventually adopted a swing-wing design similar to he American F-111 in order to take advantage of the delta wing’s high speed advantages while also improving slow speed performance and reducing take off and landing speeds and distances. The first flight of the MiG-23 came in June 1967 and the aircraft went into service with the Soviet Air Force by 1970.

Although several versions of the MiG-23 served with the Soviet Air Force and with numerous other air forces world wide it never quite lived up to its initial promise to replace the MiG-21. The final version of the aircraft the MiG-23MLD introduced in 1982 incorporated advanced avionics and radars along with aerodynamic improvements that helped keep the aircraft competitive until the MiG-29 could be brought into widespread use. The MLDs in Soviet service were all upgraded from earlier aircraft but the export versions were all newly built. In all more than 5,000 aircraft were built.

Wingspan 45 ft 10 in
Length 56 ft 9.5 in
Height 15 ft 9.75 in
Weight 34,612 lbs
Max. Speed 1,553 mph
Service Ceiling 60,695 ft
Range 570 miles
Engines Khatchaturov R-35-300
Crew 1