Northrop MQM-57 Falconer

Pima Air and Space Museum Aircraft

Manufacturer
Northrop
Designation
MQM-57

Northrop MQM-57 Falconer

The MQM-57 Falconer is a battlefield reconnaissance drone designed for the U.S. Army in 1955. It is based on the Radioplane BTT family of target drones. They were intended to provide either still of video images of the battlefield. The technology of the time did not allow for real-time images and the drone had to be recovered and have its film processed before the images could be used. The Falconer entered service with the U.S. Army in 1958 and later with the British Royal Army. A total of 1,500 were built through the mid-1960s. The last of them were withdrawn from service by the early 1970s.

Specifications
Wingspan 11 ft 6 in
Length 13 ft 4 in
Height 2 ft 7 in
Weight 430
Max. Speed 185
Service Ceiling 15,000 ft
Range 100
Engines 1 McCulloch O-100-1 piston engine with 72 hp.
Crew None

Northrop T-38A Talon

Pima Air and Space Museum Aircraft

Manufacturer
Northrop
Markings
3560th Pilot Training Wing, Webb AFB, Texas
Designation
T-38A
Serial Number
61-0854

Northrop T-38A Talon

The T-38 Talon has been training U.S. Air Force pilots since 1961. It was developed to replace the T-33 as the main jet trainer for the Air Force. The first Talon flew in 1959 and they began appearing in service in 1961. In all 1,189 T-38As were built between 1960 and 1972. The Talon remains in service with the U.S. Air Force as a trainer, with the U.S. Navy as an adversary aircraft in the Top Gun program, and with NASA.

Specifications
Wingspan 25 ft 3 in
Length 44 ft 2 in
Height 12 ft 10 in
Weight 11,550 lbs (loaded)
Max. Speed 820 mph
Service Ceiling 42,400 ft
Range 1,135 miles
Engines 2 General Electric J85-GE-5 turbojets 3,850 lbs thrust
Crew 2

Northrop YC-125A Raider

Pima Air and Space Museum Aircraft

Manufacturer
Northrop
Markings
Triplay y Maderas de Durango, S.A., Durango, Mexico, 1960
Designation
YC-125A
Registration
N2573B
Serial Number
48-0636

Northrop YC-125A Raider

The Northrop YC-125A was intended for use as a tactical transport for rough, short fields. This was the he last tri-motor propeller driven aircraft to see service in the U.S. military. By the time the C-125 was ready for production the jobs it had been intended to do were being done by helicopters and the C-123. The Air Force decided that it had no flying job for the few C-125s that were built. Most, like this one, went directly from the factory to technical schools for use as non-flying ground trainers. After brief military careers most of the 23 C-125s built were sold to a Florida company that then resold them to airlines in Latin America. Most were out of service by the mid-1960s. As of 2002 only two Raiders are known to exist, both in museums in the United States.

Specifications
Wingspan 86 ft 6 in
Length 67 ft 1 in
Height 23 ft 2 in
Weight 40,900 lbs (loaded)
Max. Speed 207 mph
Service Ceiling 21,000 ft
Engines 3 Wright R-1820-99 radials, 1,200 hp each
Crew 2, 36 passengers

Northrop F-89J Scorpion

Pima Air and Space Museum Aircraft

Manufacturer
Northrop
Markings
449th Fighter Interceptor Squadron, Ladd AFB, Alaska, 1957
Designation
F-89J
Serial Number
53-2674

Northrop F-89J Scorpion

The F-89 was the U.S. Air Force’s first multi-seat, all-weather fighter. The prototype first flew in August 1949 and deliveries of operational aircraft began in July 1950. The F-89D introduced several refinements to the aircraft, most notably the addition of launchers for 52 2.75-inch rockets in the wing tip fuel pods. Starting in 1956 a total of 350 F-89Ds were converted to F-89Js. The changes included electronic and radar upgrades in order to carry the Genie air-to-air nuclear missile.

Specifications
Wingspan 59 ft 8 in
Length 53 ft 10 in
Height 17 ft 7 in
Weight 42,241 lbs (loaded)
Max. Speed 636 mph
Service Ceiling 49,200 ft
Range 1,370 miles
Engines 2 Allison J35-A-35 turbojets 5,440 lbs thrust
Crew 2

Northrop F-5B Freedom Fighter

Pima Air and Space Museum Aircraft

Manufacturer
Northrop
Markings
58th Tactical Fighter Training Wing, Williams AFB, Arizona
Designation
F-5B
Serial Number
72-0441

Northrop F-5B Freedom Fighter

The F-5 was developed in conjunction with the T-38 Talon trainer as a private venture of the Northrop company. The U.S. Government selected it in 1962 for production as an export fighter for countries participating in the Military Assistance Program. The F-5 was built in two main versions; the F-5A was a single seat fighter while the F-5B was a two-seat trainer that was also capable of combat operations. The F-5 first flew in 1959 and was used by the U.S. Air Force to train foreign pilots starting in 1964. A total of 18 countries flew the F-5 and they were also license built in Canada and Spain.

Specifications
Wingspan 25 ft 3 in
Length 46 ft 4 in
Height 13 ft 1 in
Weight 20,677 lbs (loaded)
Max. Speed 885 mph
Service Ceiling 52,000 ft
Engines 2 General Electric J85-GE-13 turbojets 4,080 lbs thrust
Crew 2