The Fairchild PT-19 is the first of a family of three primary trainers introduced in 1939. Designed to replace the biplane trainers then in use the low-winged Cornell more accurately reflected the front-line fighters that cadets would later be asked to fly in combat. The PT-19 was the basic version of the Cornell while the PT-23 had the same basic airframe with a radial engine fitted. The PT-26 was built with an enclosed cockpit and other cold weather modifications for use by the Royal Canadian Air Force. Over 7,000 Cornells were built by several American companies and by Fleet Aircraft in Canada.
301st Elementary Flying Training Detachment, Corsicana Field, Texas, 1941
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